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WSH Regulations

 

WSH REGULATIONS

 

WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT

SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATIONS

SINGAPORE STANDARDS AND CODES OF PRACTICES

WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH (CONFINED SPACES) REGULATIONS 2009

 

 

 

WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT

The Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Act, which replaces the Factories Act, took effect on 1 March 2006. The WSH Act covers general factories, construction sites and shipyards and will eventually be increased in scope to cover all workplaces. The three guiding principles that underpin the Occupational Safety and Health regulatory framework are:

  • reducing risks at source by requiring all stakeholders to eliminate or minimise the risks they create
  • instilling greater ownership of safety and health outcomes by industry, and
  • preventing accidents through higher penalties for poor safety management.

 

 

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SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATIONS

 

There are a number of subsidiary legislations introduced under the WSH Act. These are: 

 

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SINGAPORE STANDARDS AND CODES OF PRACTICES

 

Some of the Singapore Standards and Codes of Practices applicable to the marine industry are:

 

Singapore Standards

  • SS473 - Personal Eye Protectors - Part 1 General Requirements (1999)
  • SS473 - Personal Eye Protectors - Part 2 Selection, use and maintenance (1999)
  • SS510 - Code of Practice for safety in welding and cutting and other operations involving the use of heat (2005)
  • SS508-1 Graphical symbols - Safety colours and safety signs - Design principles for safety signs in workplaces and public areas (2004)    
  • SS508-3 Graphical symbols - Safety colours and safety signs - Safety signs used in workplaces and public areas (2004)
  • SS98 - Industrial Safety Halmets (2005)
  • SS513 -1 Personal protective equipment - Footwear- Safety footwear (2005)
  • SS513 -1 Personal protective equipment - Footwear- Test methods for footwear (2005)
  • SS531: Part 1 - Code of Practice for Lighting of Work Places, Indoor (2006)
  • SS531: Part 2 - Code of Practice for Lighting of Work Places, Outdoor (2006)
  • SS531: Part 3 - Code of Practice for Lighting of Work Plcaes, Lighting Requirements for Safety and Security of Outdoor Work Places (2008)
  • SS 536 - Code of Practice for the safe use of mobile cranes (2008)
  • SS 537 - Code of Practice for Safe Use of Machinery, Part 1: 2008 General Requirements
  • SS 548 - Code of Practice for selection, use and maintenance of respiratory protective devices (2009) 
  • SS 549 - Code of Practice for selection, use, care and maintenance of hearing protectors (2009) 

       Codes of Practice

  • CP 14 - Code of Practice for Scaffolds (1996)
  • CP 20 - Code of Practice for suspended scaffolds (1999)
  • CP 27 - Code of Practice for factory layout - safety, health and welfare considerations (1999)
  • CP 62 - Code of Practice for the safe use of tower crances (1995)
  • CP 63 - Code of Practice for the lifting of persons in work platforms suspended from cranes (1996)
  • CP 84 - Code of Practice for entry into and safe working in confined spaces (2000)   
  • CP 88-3 Code of Practice for temporary electrical installations - Shipbuilding and ship-repairing yards (2004)
  • CP 91 - Code of Practice for lockout procedure (2001)
  • CP 101 - Code of Practice for safe use of powered counterbalanced forklifts (2004)

 

The Singapore Standards and Codes of Practice are published by SPRING Singapore and can be purchased online at www.singaporestandardseshop.sg.

 

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WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH (CONFINED SPACES) REGULATIONS 2009

 

The Workplace Safety and Health (Confined Spaces) Regulations 2009 took effect on 1 November 2009. The key provisions in the new Regulations are:


(a) Keeping a record of confined spaces – A register or record of all fixed and stationary confined spaces must be kept;

(b) Instituting requirements for confined space entry permit – Entry into a confined space should be controlled through the implementation of a systematic confined space entry permit system, conduct of periodic atmospheric testing, and display of entry permit and identification badges at the entrance to the confined space;

(c) Display of warning signs – Warning signs must be displayed at the entrance to the confined space to warn persons of the hazards of the confined space;

(d) Appointment of confined space attendant – A specific provision mandates the appointment of a confined space attendant whenever entry into or work is to be carried out in confined space. The regulation also prescribes specific duties for the attendant such as monitoring persons entering and working in the confined space, as well as alerting rescue personnel during emergencies;

 

(e) Training of workers, supervisors and rescue personnel – Workers and supervisors should be trained to ensure effective conduct and oversight of work performed in confined spaces. Training requirements are also specified for rescue personnel to ensure that they have the necessary knowledge and skills to carry out rescue operation properly and safely in the event of an accident in confined spaces; and


(f) Establishment of emergency and rescue plan – Emergency and rescue plans as well as provision of rescue equipment should be established to ensure prompt and safe recovery of workers during accidents, to minimise the severity of injuries sustained.

The WSH (Confined Spaces) Regulations 2009 can be viewed at the Ministry of Manpower website. Please click here

(
http://www.mom.gov.sg/publish/momportal/en/legislation/Occupational_Safety_and_Health/
workplace_safety_and/workplace_safety_and0.html
).


Under the Regulation 21 (1) of the WSH (Confined Space) Regulations stipulated:

"It shall be the duty of the responsible person of a person entering into or working in a confined space to ensure, before such entry or work, that the person has first received adequate safety and health training for the purpose of familiarising himself with the hazards associated with such entry into or work in the confined space and the precautions to be observed."

 
To help the industry comply with the new Regulations, the WSH Council has come up with a Confined Space Safety Guidebook and developed a Technical Advisory (TA) for working safely in confined spaces to provide more information on how to manage confined spaces related hazards as well as emergency and rescue procedures for the rescue team.
 
Please click on the links below to download the following resources:

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